Kashubian Language

The Kashubian language is a West Slavic language and is thought to be a variation of the original Pomeranian language. It has characteristics of the Polish, Russian and Czech languages. Because of the years of Prussian control, Kashubian grammar has similarities to the German language. Kashubians pronounce some words similar to Polish but the Kashubian language has seven more letters than the Polish alphabet. Kashubia also has variations in dialect from one part of the region to another.

On January 6, 2005, the Polish Parliament passed the new Minorities and Regional Language Law, in which Kashub was finally acknowledged as a language. 

Website Links about the Kashubian Language

Article about the Kashubian Language

The Kashubian Language- A Minority Language Spoken in Borderlands As It Was and As It Is Today
by Jadwiga Zieniukowa
Český lid, Vol. 102, No. 1 (2015), pp. 43-54 (12 pages)
Published by: Institute of Ethnology, Czech Academy of Sciences
Note: You can read this article online here – you can set up a free account and read up to 6 articles/month.

Village Signs

When entering Kashubia villages, a street sign is often at the entrance to the village which shows both the Polish spelling and the Kashubian spelling.

Books about the Kashubian Language

Kashubian Language in Canada, the USA and New Zealand***
Lexical Interferences in Kashubian Language in Canada, the USA and New Zealand

by Stanislôw Frymark, 2020
The book can be purchased through the Polish Cultural Institute and Museum in Winona.
A copy is also available in the Polish section of the Hoffman Research Library at the Minnesota Genealogical Center.

PGS-MN Newsletter Book Review

Newsletter IssuePageTItle/Author
Fall 202119Book Review
by Nadine Guilbault

Mini Dictionary
by Julian Kulas, 2009
Can be purchased through the Wilno Heritage Society.

English – Polish – Kashub Dictionary
by Stanisław Frymark, 2008
Can be purchased through the Polish Cultural Institute and Museum in Winona.

Kashubian language instruction at the Symbark Museum in Kashubia