Kashubian Ceramics

While pottery is a known art in other parts of Poland, the Kashubian ceramics have distinct characteristics. Glazed, wheel-thrown pottery is one of the earliest Kashubian craft forms, and is most closely connected with land. The Kashubian Lake District is very rich in deposits of clay.

There are several family ceramic factories in Kashubia. The art has been passed on from father to son for 10 generations at the Necel Museum of Kashubian Ceramics, founded in 1897 in Chmielno, Kartuzy Powiat, Pomorskie Voivodeship. The workshop where the pottery is made is located in the same building.

Potters at the Necel Workshop

Kashubian pottery has seven basic shapes, often embellished with wavy lines and dots:

  • Lilac bouquet
  • Small tulip
  • Large tulip
  • Geometric Kashubian star
  • Fish scales
  • Kashubian garlands or wreaths
  • Lily

Examples of Designs on Kashubian Pottery

Fish Scale
Kashubian Star
Painting Designs on Kashubian Pottery

The basic patterns may be combined into different designs on the ceramic pieces. White, brown, yellow, green or dark blue are the most frequently used colors. 

Examples of Kashubian Pottery

All photos on this page were taken by Paula Colwell in 2018.

Websites Related to Kashubian Pottery

Necel Pottery Factory Website
Features of Kashubian Pottery